A reception in ~ the Parisian suite that Monseigneur, a French lord, showcases the excesses and superficiality the the French aristocracy. The Marquis St. Evrémonde angrily pipeline the reception after being snubbed by the other guests and also treated cold by Monseigneur. Together his driver carouses recklessly through the Paris streets, the carriage accidentally operation over a child. The Marquis mirrors no remorse because that the child"s death, and when Gaspard, the child"s grief-stricken father, approaches the carriage, the Marquis throws the a coin. Defarge increase from the group to lull Gaspard, and also the Marquis throws the a coin as well. The carriage begins to move on, and also one that the peasants litter a coin ago into the carriage. Angered, the Marquis intimidates the crowd and then drives away.

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Dickens offers the Monseigneur"s reception to display the extravagances the the French aristocracy and to emphasize just how unnatural the members the the French upper course have become. Aristocrats such as the Monseigneur have end up being so immersed in the spectacle that the "Fancy Ball"that they have lost touch with reality. They ar themselves in ~ the facility of the world, over God and above vocation. The Monseigneur spurns the prominence of God, because that instance, when he replace instead replace "the Lord"with "Monseigneur"in the Biblical expression "The earth and the fullness thereof room mine, saith the Lord"and as soon as he removes his sister from a convent in order to get money v her marriage to a affluent member the the Farmer-General. Other aristocrats go after an empty life that posturing and also ignorance, particularly in regard to their occupations. Gentlemen had actually no idea how to be military or civil officers, and also women the the ruling course cared nothing for motherhood.

As with other characters throughout the book, Dickens provides physical appearance to represent the moral characteristics of the French nobles. "The leprosy of unreality"disfigures the people attending the reception. Self-absorption and greed similarly disfigure your hearts and also minds. The Marquis St. Evrémonde, with his attractive "face prefer a fine mask"that transforms to watch treacherous and also cruel, represents all the is evil in the French aristocracy.

If the aristocracy does not care around God or about finding meaning in your lives, they absolutely will provide no believed to the stays of the lower classes. The occurrence with the Marquis and also the boy illustrates this disregard for the common people. By believing he can pay for a child"s life favor a item of merchandise, the Marquis reveals himself to be heartless and also supremely arrogant. Meanwhile, the silent challenge offered through Defarge and also Madame Defarge at the scene argues that the people"s tolerance for together cruel therapy is near the break point.


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the merry Stuart who offered it Charles II.

a Farmer-General a member the a rich organization that make a living off of high taxes.

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