Take a look in ~ the picture below. Each of those fancy balls is one electron. In an atom, the electron spin around the center, additionally called the nucleus. The electrons favor to be in different shells/orbitals. Covering number one can only organize 2 electrons, shell two deserve to hold 8, and also for the an initial eighteen facets shell three have the right to hold a maximum of eight electrons. Together you learn about elements with much more than eighteen electrons you will discover that covering three deserve to hold much more than eight. As soon as one covering is full, the following electron the is included has to relocate to the next shell.So... For the element of CARBON, you already know the the atomic number tells you the variety of electrons. That means there space 6 electron in a carbon atom. Looking in ~ the picture, you deserve to see there space two electron in shell one and four electrons in covering two.

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► much more about the background and locations to discover carbon.► Next facet of the periodic table.
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Carbon DioxideThis is a carbon dioxide molecule. As soon as you breathe out, you generally breathe the end carbon dioxide. With the formula CO2 that means there space two oxygen (O) atoms and also one carbon (C) atom. If you look closely at the period structure, you"ll check out that lock share 4 electrons each. If a link shares two electrons that way it is a solitary bond. If a bond is consisted of of 4 electrons it is a dual bond. That way that the carbon atom has actually two twin bonds, one with each oxygen atom.
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Cyanogen ChlorideHere"s something new! We have three different facets here, carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and chlorine (Cl). That"s no special, yet the way they combine is! Look at the carbon and also the nitrogen, they room sharing six electrons!When two atoms share two electrons, that"s a solitary bond. If they share four it"s a double bond. Fine these two room sharing six, that"s a triple bond. It"s extremely solid and powerful. It would take a most work to separate the C and the N!One much more thing! because the bond in between carbon and also nitrogen is therefore strong, scientists contact them "cyanogen" rather of carbon-nitrogen. Scientists understand that cyanogen is constantly CN.

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Beryllium CarbideTwo beryllium (Be) atoms room able come bond with one carbon (C) atom to produce Be2C. The beryllium atoms let the carbon use their electron so the the carbon is "happy". Every beryllium provides up both of its 2 extra electrons to the carbon. Take a look and also see how all of the electrons room shared.
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