The gross weight of a automobile (GVW) is the weight of the empty car plus the weight of the preferably payload that the vehicle was designed come carry. In cars and small light trucks, the difference between the empty weight of the vehicle and the GVW is not substantially different (1,000 to 1,500 lbs). The largest trucks and tractor-trailers, however, have a payload capacity share the 200%, which method they can bring 200% of your empty weight. The medium-sized van (truck great 3-6) have payload volume shares between 50% and also 100%.

Payload capacity Share by weight Class


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supporting InformationGross vehicle Weight vs.

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Empty weight of Vehicles
Vehicle DescriptionTruck ClassGross vehicle Weight variety (Pounds)Empty vehicle Weight selection (Pounds)Maximum Payload volume (Pounds)Payload capacity Share (Percent of north Weight)
Cars 3,200-6,0002,400-5,0001,00020%
Minivans, little SUVs, small Pick-Ups14,000-2,4003,200-4,5001,50033%
Large SUVs, conventional Pick-Ups2a6,001-8,5004,500-6,0002,50040%
Large SUVs, traditional Pick-Ups2b8,501-10,0005,000-6,3003,70060%
Utility Van, Multi- Purpose, Mini-Bus, action Van310,001-14,0007,650-8,7505,25060%
City Delivery, package Delivery, big Walk-in, Bucket, Landscaping414,001-16,0007,650-8,7507,25080%
City Delivery, package Delivery, large Walk-in, Bucket516,001-19,5009,500-10,0008,70080%
City Delivery, college Bus, large Walk-in, Bucket619,501-26,00011,500-14,50011,50080%
City Bus, Furniture, Refrigerated, Refuse, Fuel Tanker, Dump, Tow, Concrete, Fire Engine, Tractor-Trailer726,001-33,00011,500-14,50018,500125%
Refuse, Concrete, Furniture, City Bus, Tow, Fire Engine (straight trucks)8a33,001-80,00020,000-26,00054,000200%
Tractor-Trailer: Van, Refrigerated, mass Tanker, level Bed (combination trucks)8b33,001-80,00020,000-26,00054,000200%

Source: national Academy that Sciences, Technologies and also Approaches come Reducing the Fuel usage of Medium and Heavy-Duty Vehicles, prepublication copy, march 2010, pp. 2-2 and also 5-42.