Narrator Scout narrates the story herself, looking earlier in retrospect one unspecified variety of years after the occasions of the novel take place.

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Point of check out Scout narrates in the an initial person, informing what she saw and heard at the time and augmenting this narration through thoughts and assessments of she experiences in retrospect. Although she is through no way an omniscient narrator, she has actually matured considerably over the intervening years and often implicitly and humorously comment on the naïveté she presented in her thoughts and also actions together a young girl. Scout mainly tells that her own thoughts but likewise devotes substantial time to recounting and analyzing Jem’s thoughts and also actions.

Tone Childlike, humorous, nostalgic, innocent; as the novel progresses, significantly dark, foreboding, and crucial of society

Tense Past

Setting (Time) 1933–1935

Setting (Place) The fictional city of Maycomb, Alabama

Protagonist Scout Finch

Major conflict The childhood innocence through which Scout and also Jem start the novel is threatened by plenty of incidents that expose the angry side of human nature, many notably the guilty decision in Tom Robinson’s trial and the vengefulness the Bob Ewell. Together the novel progresses, Scout and Jem battle to maintain confidence in the person capacity for good in irradiate of this recurring instances of human being evil.

Rising action Scout, Jem, and also Dill become fascinated with their mysterious neighbor Boo Radley and have an escalating series of encounters through him. Meanwhile, Atticus is assigned to safeguard a black man, Tom Robinson versus the spurious rape fees Bob Ewell has brought against him. Watching the trial, Scout, and also especially Jem, can not understand how a jury can possibly judge Tom Robinson based on the Ewells’ plainly fabricated story.

Climax Despite Atticus’s capable and also impassioned defense, the jury find Tom Robinson guilty. The verdict pressures Scout and also Jem to confront the fact that the morals Atticus has actually taught lock cannot always be reconciled through the fact of the world and also the evils of human being nature.

Falling activity When indigenous spreads that Tom Robinson has actually been shooting while trying come escape from prison, Jem battles to come to terms v the unjust of the trial and also of Tom Robinson’s fate. After ~ making a range of threats versus Atticus and others linked with the trial, Bob Ewell strikes Scout and Jem together they walk residence one night, however Boo Radley conserves the children and fatally stabs Ewell. The sheriff, knowing that Boo, like Tom Robinson, would be misunderstood and also likely judge in a trial, protects Boo by saying the Ewell tripped and also fell top top his own knife. After ~ sitting and also talking with Scout briefly, Boo retreats right into his house, and also Scout never sees him again.

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Themes The coexistence of good and evil; the prominence of ethical education; society class

Motifs Gothic details; small-town life

Symbols Mockingbirds; Boo Radley

Foreshadowing Scout’s point out of Jem’s broken arm ~ above the an initial page foreshadows the the novel will disclose the occasions leading up to Jem’s accident; Burris Ewell’s illustration in school foreshadows the nastiness of Bob Ewell; the gift Jem and Scout uncover in the oak tree foreshadow the eventual discovery of Boo Radley’s good-heartedness; Bob Ewell’s threats and suspicious habits after the attempt foreshadow his assault on the children.