Division: TracheophytaClass: Liliopsida (monocotyledons)Order: ArecalesFamily: ArecaceaeGenus: WashingtoniaSpecies: filifera

Native to deserts that the southwestern US and Baja California, Mexico, California pan palms cluster approximately year-round sources of water: streams, springs, and seeps. They are the just palm native to the west US, where they tolerate hot summer and freezing winter temperatures. They carry out shade and also shelter, habitat for wildlife including canyon tree frogs Hyla arenicolor, Pacific chorus frogs Pseudacris regilla, Baja ratsnakes Bogertophis rosaliae, western yellow bats Lasiurus xanthinus, and many birds. Their fruit ripen and drop in winter, providing food because that coyotes Canis latrans, i beg your pardon are necessary seed disseminators because that these palms.

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The sturdy tribe of this palm rises to assistance the roundish crown of tough, fan-shaped fronds that offer the California fan palm that is name. Sharply toothed in ~ the base, fronds can be 5 come 10 feet (1.5 come 3 meters) long, with numerous thread-like yarn unraveling from the sheet segment margins. Dead fronds hang from the tree, creating a thick skirt. White or yellow flower bloom in beforehand spring. California fan palms may reach 60 feet (18 meters) tall and 10 to 20 feet (3 to 6 meters) broad at the crown



California fan palms grow best full sun, with good drainage. They room a great choice because that California gardens in dry locations with middle alkaline soils.


Indigenous civilization of North America used sheet fibers for making baskets and sandals. Whole leaves were occasionally used for thatching.


In California, hooded orioles usage this palm"s unraveling leaf fibers to do nests, sometimes using the yarn to "sew" their suspended nest onto a palm frond.


Notice this plant"s Latin name: Washingtonia filifera. It was called in respect of our first president, George Washington, and for that fibrous leaf tips, which provide the tree a wispy illustration (filifera means "having fern-like leaves").

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See California pan palms growing at the Safari Park in the Nativescapes Garden and the Baja Garden, in people Gardens.