The main difference between binary fission and also conjugation is that binary fission is a technique of asexual reproduction responsible because that duplication the an organism whereas conjugation is a an approach of horizontal gene carry in prokaryotes. Furthermore, binary fission produces two daughter organisms that room genetically identical while link occurs with the cell-to-cell contract in between two organisms. In addition to these, binary fission occurs in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes when conjugation wake up in bacteria. 

Binary fission and conjugation room two methods of reproduction in reduced organisms. Generally, both methods create a particular kind of offspring. 

Key locations Covered 

1. What is Binary Fission – Definition, Process, Importance2. What is Conjugation – Definition, Process, Importance3. What space the Similarities in between Binary Fission and also Conjugation – overview of common Features4. What is the Difference between Binary Fission and Conjugation – compare of crucial Differences

Key Terms 

Asexual Reproduction, Binary Fission, Conjugation, Gene Transfer, Pilus


What is Binary Fission 

Binary fission is a type of asexual reproduction which occurs in prokaryotes, organelles, as well as unicellular eukaryotes. Prokaryotes such as bacteria an archaea undergo binary fission. In bacteria, a solitary chromosome undergoes replication adhered to by the attachment of the two DNA molecules right into separate locations in the cytoplasm. In the meanwhile, the parent cell boosts its size. Finally, the parent cell splits into two v the formation of the ‘Z-ring’. Furthermore, the two resultant cells have actually identical hereditary material.

You are watching: What is the difference between binary fission and conjugation


Figure 1: Binary Fission

Binary fission is the method of reproduction in oribel such together mitochondria and chloroplasts. They likewise use bacteria-like fission together these oribel are obtained from the endosymbiosis the bacteria. In contrast, binary fission in uncellular cells eukaryotes occurs in 4 methods. They are: 

rarely often rare fission – Cytokinesis can take ar along any type of plane, which is perpendicular to the airplane of karyokinesis. E.g. amoeba   Longitudinal fission – Cytokinesis takes ar along the longitudinal axis. E.g.Euglena  Transverse fission – Cytokinesis takes place along the transverse axis. E.g.Paramecium tilt fission – Cytokinesis is oblique. E.g.Ceratium 

What is Conjugation 

Conjugation is one of the approaches of horizontal gene transfer, mostly in bacteria. However, transduction and also transformation are the other approaches of horizontal gene move in bacteria. Generally, conjugation occurs v the direct contact of 2 bacterial cells through a pilus. Here, genes for the antibiotic resistance, xenobiotic tolerance, etc. Are transferred from one to the second bacterium. Therefore, this change of genes is valuable to the receiver bacterium.


Figure 2: bacter Conjugation

See more: In The Reaction Cl2 H2O Hclo Hcl O + Hcl, The Hydrogen Is, In The Reaction: Cl2 + H2O

However, conjugation walk not type a generation of brand-new organisms. It likewise occurs through the exchange of hereditary material but, not the exchange that gametes. Therefore, shortcut is not taken into consideration as a an approach of sex-related reproduction. Moreover, the delivering of hereditary materials can be either plasmids or transposons. 

Similarities between Binary Fission and Conjugation  

Binary fission and conjugation are two techniques of reproduction responsible because that the manufacturing of one offspring. They take part in the transfer of hereditary information. 

Difference in between Binary Fission and also Conjugation 


Binary fission describes the process through which asexual reproduction occurs in organisms while conjugation describes the an approach of transferring hereditary material between organisms. 


Binary fission occurs in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes when conjugation wake up in bacteria. 


Moreover, binary fission occurs with the split of parent organisms into two and also the regeneration of two pieces while conjugation occurs with the cell-to-cell contact. 

Number of Parents 

Whereas binary fission requires only a single parent organism, conjugation needs two parent organisms. 


Binary fission produces 2 daughter cell that are genetically identical, while conjugation produces 2 daughter biology that are genetically diverse. 

Environmental Conditions 

Furthermore, binary fission wake up in favorable environments, when conjugation occurs in unfavorable conditions. 


Binary fission is a continuous process over numerous generations, when conjugation wake up after number of generations. 


While binary fission is a rapid process, conjugation takes time. 


No F-factor is required for binary fission while conjugation calls for F-factor. 


Binary fission is a type of asexual reproduction provided by both eukaryotes and also prokaryotes. The is likewise responsible because that the production of 2 genetically the same daughter organisms by splitting the parent organism right into two. In contrast, shortcut is a kind of horizontal gene carry in prokaryotes. Generally, the occurs with the development of cell-to-cell call through a pilus. However, that is no a kind of sexual reproduction. Therefore, the main difference between binary fission and conjugation is the method of transferring genetic material. 


1. “Bacterial Binary Fission.” cannes Academy, cannes Academy, available Here.2. Karki, Gaurab. “Bacterial Conjugation: Steps and Mechanism of transport of Plasmid indigenous Donor come Recipient Cell.” Online biology Notes, 18 Dec. 2018, available Here.

Image Courtesy:

1. “Binary Fission 2” by Ecoddington14 (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia 2. “Conjugation” By adenosine – Own job-related (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia