For thirteen job in October 1962 the people waited—seemingly on the brink of nuclear war—and hoped for a calm resolution come the Cuban Missile Crisis.
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In October 1962, one American U-2 spy plane secretly photographed atom missile web page being constructed by the Soviet Union on the island of Cuba. President Kennedy did not desire the Soviet Union and Cuba to know that the had uncovered the missiles. He met in secret with his advisors for several days to talk about the problem.
After plenty of long and challenging meetings, Kennedy made decision to location a naval blockade, or a ring that ships, about Cuba. The target of this "quarantine," together he called it, to be to protect against the Soviets from bringing in more military supplies. That demanded the removed of the missiles currently there and the devastation of the sites. Top top October 22, chairman Kennedy spoke to the nation about the crisis in a televised address.
Click right here to listen to the address in the Digital Archives (JFKWHA-142-001)
No one to be sure exactly how Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev would certainly respond to the navy blockade and also US demands. However the leader of both superpowers recognized the devastating possibility the a nuclear war and also publicly agreed come a deal in i m sorry the Soviets would dismantle the weapon web page in exchange because that a pledge from the United states not to invade Cuba. In a different deal, which remained mystery for much more than twenty-five years, the joined States additionally agreed to remove its nuclear missiles indigenous Turkey. Although the Soviets eliminated their missiles indigenous Cuba, lock escalated the structure of their army arsenal; the missile dilemm was over, the arms gyeongju was not.
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Click below to listen to the Remarks in the Digital Archives (JFKWHA-143-004)
In 1963, there were signs of a lessening of tensions between the Soviet Union and the joined States. In his commencement deal with at American University, chairman Kennedy urged americans to reexamine Cold war stereotypes and myths and also called for a strategy of peace that would certainly make the civilization safe because that diversity. Two actions likewise signaled a warming in relations between the superpowers: the establishment of a teletype "Hotline" between the Kremlin and also the White House and the signing the the limited Nuclear Test ban Treaty top top July 25, 1963.
In language really different indigenous his inaugural address, president Kennedy told american in June 1963, "For, in the final analysis, our most an easy common connect is that us all inhabit this small planet. Us all breathe the exact same air. Us all cherish ours children"s future. And we are all mortal."
Visit our virtual exhibit: World ~ above the Brink: john F. Kennedy and the Cuban Missile Crisis